I strongly recommend avoiding this approach and would consider making sure you are only updating what is absolutely necessary. If there is a way to reduce inserts/updates to only what is substantial you may find the entries to the _cl table entirely necessary or justified and not having any impact. That being said:
There is no way to bypass the database triggers besides either modifying them to contain some conditional or by dropping them entirely (and recreating them when you are done).
I have had some success with modifying the import process to drop the triggers and re-create them after import by analyzing the triggers created
by the install / upgrade scripts included by Magento.
You can see how they create [some of] them using Mview subscribers in:
If following this approach you have to make sure you are dropping and creating only the necessary triggers. There are some vitally important triggers in there that should remain in tact in order to preserve SEO link juice and etc. For example, the ones for the catalog_product_entity_url_key and catalog_category_product_url_key that insert into enterprise_url_rewrite_redirect. It also now becomes a pain to maintain because any changes that Magento will make to the triggers you will also have to keep an eye on and patch along side of Magento's patches :(