I working on creating custom module in magento 2, but it's not working. Could you please suggest me where i went wrong?.

My module code:


'modules' => 
  array (
    'Ramesh_Sample' => 1,


<?xml version="1.0"?>
<config xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    <module name="Ramesh_Sample" schema_version="2.0.0">


<?xml version="1.0"?>
<config xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    <router id="standard">
        <route id="sample" frontName="sample">
            <module name="Ramesh_Sample" />


namespace Ramesh\Sample\Controller\Index;

use Magento\Framework\App\Action\Context;
//use \Magento\Framework\View\Result\PageFactory;

class Index extends \Magento\Framework\App\Action\Action
    private $_resultPageFactory;

    public function __construct(
        Context $context,
        \Magento\Framework\View\Result\PageFactory $resultPageFactory
        $this->_resultPageFactory = $resultPageFactory;

    public function execute()
        $result = $this->_resultPageFactory->create();
        return $result;


namespace Magento\Sample\Block;
class Sample extends \Magento\Framework\View\Element\Template


<page xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="../../../../../../../lib/internal/Magento/Framework/View/Layout/etc/page_configuration.xsd">
        <title>Hello World</title>
        <referenceContainer name="content">
            <block class="Sample\Ramesh\Block\Sample" name="sample"      template="sample.phtml">


<?php echo 'Hi I am Magento 2'; ?>

But I got the following error:

a:4:{i:0;s:380:"Recoverable Error: Argument 2 passed to Ramesh\Sample\Controller\Index\Index::__construct() must be an instance of Magento\Framework\View\Result\PageFactory, none given, called in var/generation/Ramesh/Sample/Controller/Index/Index/Interceptor.php on line 14 and defined in app/code/Ramesh/Sample/Controller/Index/Index.php on line 14";i:1;s:6109:"#0 app/code/Ramesh/Sample/Controller/Index/Index.php(14): Magento\Framework\App\ErrorHandler->handler(4096, 'Argument 2 pass...', '/var/www/html/m...', 14, Array)


3 Answers 3


try to delete your module from the var/generation/vendor-name/your-module and try to refresh the page and check if it's working.

  • Why do I have to delete the complete var/generation folder? Is there a faster process? Do I have to run bin/magento setup:di:compile every time?
    – tester
    Commented Feb 17, 2016 at 20:49
  • 1
    You don't need to delete the complete var/generation folder try to identify your correct folder of your module Example : Demo /Module inside the var/generation .The code bin/magento setup:di:compile works only if you set the dependencies or code generation patterns set in di.xml
    – Niranjan B
    Commented Feb 18, 2016 at 4:45
  • This has happened to me while working with controllers and I fixed it the same way, but can somebody explain why this happens in the first place?
    – diazwatson
    Commented Mar 5, 2017 at 23:52
  • tried the same above code and deleted files as mentioned but still showing error - HTTP ERROR 500, Commented Jul 27, 2019 at 6:34

You can use below mentioned command and then refresh the page.

php bin/magento setup:upgrade
  • It worked for me
    – WaPoNe
    Commented Dec 19, 2016 at 8:50
  • Great ;) Working for me
    – AbdulBasit
    Commented Oct 18, 2017 at 7:40

Replace code given below in your constructor

$this->_pageFactory = $pageFactory;
return parent::__construct($context);

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