I'm looking to export all my product attributes and sets into a fresh install. But I'm struggling to find a solution. Any help would be appreciated
Have you Googled before posting? There is no built-in solution for this, but somebody has done it previously using some scripts. Check out the question below. It involves running scripts writing a file and reading that generated file. Seems pretty simple.
Fabian's answer might work as well. That one is more straightforward and involves just exporting and importing tables.