14

My goal is to achieve the following modification in the Magento catalog search.

When I search for a product and only one product is returned in the result collection, I want to display to product view page instead of the product list page.

Can you give me an advice how and where I should start searching to do this modification?

At the moment I'm really lost in this whole lot of code.

Using Magento 1.9.0.1

21

You need to create a new extension that checks, before rendering the quick search (or advanced search) page if the product collection contains exactly one product.
For this let's create a new extension called StackExchange_CatalogSearch.
You will need to following files:

app/etc/modules/StackExchange_CatalogSearch.xml - the declaration file

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<config>
    <modules>
        <StackExchange_CatalogSearch>
            <codePool>local</codePool>
            <active>true</active>
            <depends>
                <Mage_CatalogSearch />
            </depends>
        </StackExchange_CatalogSearch>
    </modules>
</config>

app/code/local/StackExchange/CatalogSearch/etc/config.xml - the configuration file:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<config>
    <modules>
        <StackExchange_CatalogSearch>
            <version>1.0.0</version>
        </StackExchange_CatalogSearch>
    </modules>
    <global>
        <models>
            <stackexchange_catalogsearch>
                <class>StackExchange_CatalogSearch_Model</class>
            </stackexchange_catalogsearch>
        </models>
    </global>
    <frontend>
        <events>
            <controller_action_layout_render_before_catalogsearch_result_index><!-- for the quick search-->
                <observers>
                    <stackexchange_catalogsearch>
                        <model>stackexchange_catalogsearch/observer</model>
                        <method>redirectToProduct</method>
                    </stackexchange_catalogsearch>
                </observers>
            </controller_action_layout_render_before_catalogsearch_result_index>
            <controller_action_layout_render_before_catalogsearch_advanced_result><!-- for the advanced search-->
                <observers>
                    <stackexchange_catalogsearch>
                        <model>stackexchange_catalogsearch/observer</model>
                        <method>redirectToProduct</method>
                    </stackexchange_catalogsearch>
                </observers>
            </controller_action_layout_render_before_catalogsearch_advanced_result>
        </events>
    </frontend>
</config>

app/code/local/StackExchange/CatalogSearch/Model/Observer.php - the observer that does all the work.

<?php
class StackExchange_CatalogSearch_Model_Observer
{
    //the product list block name in layout
    const RESULT_BLOCK_NAME = 'search_result_list';
    public function redirectToProduct($observer)
    {
        /** @var Mage_Catalog_Block_Product_List $block */
        $block = Mage::app()->getLayout()->getBlock(self::RESULT_BLOCK_NAME);
        if ($block) {
            $collection = $block->getLoadedProductCollection();
            if ($collection && $collection->getSize() == 1) {
                /** @var Mage_Catalog_Model_Product $product */
                $product = $collection->getFirstItem();
                $url = $product->getProductUrl();
                if ($url){
                    Mage::app()->getResponse()->setRedirect($url);
                    Mage::app()->getResponse()->sendResponse();
                    exit; //stop everything else
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Clear the cache, disable compilation if enabled and give it a go.

Note: This extension redirects to the product page when the search (and advanced search) page should return only on product, even if this happens after the search or after applying a layered navigation filter.

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