27

I would like to create a new product attribute with some predefined options using an upgrade script.

I have an upgrade script working, so the only thing i dont know how to do is to add the drop down options along with the attribute.

I am adding my attribute inside my modules upgrade script using the following:

$installer->addAttribute('catalog_product', "shirt_size", array(
    'type'       => 'int',
    'input'      => 'select',
    'label'      => 'Shirt Size',
    'sort_order' => 1000,
    'required'   => false,
    'global'     => Mage_Catalog_Model_Resource_Eav_Attribute::SCOPE_STORE,
));

How can I add 3 options along with it: small, medium and large?

I do not want to use a custom source model. I want normal options

30

This is a classic case where code-generation is your friend. Stop creating these by hand, and try using the following free and open source script, (which has also been incorporated into the n98-magerun tool)

For example, the following will duplicate the sample data's color attribute

$ magento-create-setup.php color
//WARNING, non false value detected in is_used_for_price_rules.  The setup resource migration scripts may not support this (per 1.7.0.1)
<?php
if(! ($this instanceof Mage_Catalog_Model_Resource_Setup) )
{
    throw new Exception("Resource Class needs to inherit from " .
    "Mage_Catalog_Model_Resource_Setup for this to work");
}

$attr = array (
  'attribute_model' => NULL,
  'backend' => '',
  'type' => 'int',
  'table' => '',
  'frontend' => '',
  'input' => 'select',
  'label' => 'Color',
  'frontend_class' => '',
  'source' => '',
  'required' => '0',
  'user_defined' => '1',
  'default' => '',
  'unique' => '0',
  'note' => '',
  'input_renderer' => NULL,
  'global' => '1',
  'visible' => '1',
  'searchable' => '1',
  'filterable' => '1',
  'comparable' => '1',
  'visible_on_front' => '0',
  'is_html_allowed_on_front' => '0',
  'is_used_for_price_rules' => '1',
  'filterable_in_search' => '1',
  'used_in_product_listing' => '0',
  'used_for_sort_by' => '0',
  'is_configurable' => '1',
  'apply_to' => 'simple',
  'visible_in_advanced_search' => '1',
  'position' => '1',
  'wysiwyg_enabled' => '0',
  'used_for_promo_rules' => '1',
  'option' => 
  array (
    'values' => 
    array (
      0 => 'Green',
      1 => 'Silver',
      2 => 'Black',
      3 => 'Blue',
      4 => 'Red',
      5 => 'Pink',
      6 => 'Magenta',
      7 => 'Brown',
      8 => 'White',
      9 => 'Gray',
    ),
  ),
);
$this->addAttribute(Mage_Catalog_Model_Product::ENTITY, 'color', $attr);

If you're using the n98-magerun version, that'd be

$ n98-magerun dev:setup:script:attribute catalog_product color

Using code generation will let you get your job done quicker, and as time goes on you'll start to learn the format.

  • can we add js event observer like onClick and onChange in options for attribute? – R T Dec 17 '16 at 21:23
18
$installer->addAttribute(Mage_Catalog_Model_Product::ENTITY, 'shirt_size', [
    'type'       => 'int',
    'input'      => 'select',
    'label'      => 'Shirt Size',
    'sort_order' => 1000,
    'required'   => false,
    'global'     => Mage_Catalog_Model_Resource_Eav_Attribute::SCOPE_STORE,
    'backend'    => 'eav/entity_attribute_backend_array',
    'option'     => [
        'values' => [
            0 => 'Small',
            1 => 'Medium',
            2 => 'Large',
        ]
    ],

]);

Each element in the value array represents an option. You can add the labels for each store view if you have more like this:

[
    0=>'Small',
    1=>'Small',
    2=>'Petit'
]

Basically it's store_id=>'Label for store'

  • 6
    Marius, do you work for a living? :-) – benmarks Jun 26 '13 at 18:38
  • 7
    @benmarks. I do work for a living and I really enjoy the work I'm doing. I just like from time to time to take 2 minute breaks to answer a question. Do you want me to stop answering? :) – Marius Jun 26 '13 at 18:55
  • 1
    @philwinkle. Yeah...4 hour week, but not every week. I don't want to get tired.:) – Marius Jun 27 '13 at 6:34
  • 1
    @Dexter add $installer = $this; as the first line in the installer script. – Marius Sep 29 '15 at 11:25
  • 1
    @mujas. backend is the equivalent of backend_model column in the eav_attribute table. An attribute can support frontend models (that are actually blocks used for rendering the attribute field in the backend), source models (for dropdown and multiselect attributes. this is the source of the options) and backend model. You can use the class you set a backend model to perform actions before the attribute value is saved or after it's loaded. You can use this to perform additional validations or to to alter the value. In this specific case, the array you send from the form is serialized. – Marius Oct 14 '15 at 12:13
3

Add source model whenever you create attribute type dropdown.

'source'        => 'eav/entity_attribute_source_table',   
0
$valStringArray = array("Nike","Addidas");
createAttribute("Brand","manufacturer",-1,-1,-1,$valStringArray);

//
// Create an attribute.
//
// For reference, see Mage_Adminhtml_Catalog_Product_AttributeController::saveAction().
//
// @return int|false
//  

function createAttribute($labelText, $attributeCode, $values = -1, $productTypes = -1, $setInfo = -1, $options = -1)
{

    $labelText = trim($labelText);
    $attributeCode = trim($attributeCode);

    if($labelText == '' || $attributeCode == '')
    {
        echo "Can't import the attribute with an empty label or code.  LABEL= [$labelText]  CODE= [$attributeCode]"."<br/>";
        return false;
    }

    if($values === -1)
        $values = array();

    if($productTypes === -1)
        $productTypes = array();

    if($setInfo !== -1 && (isset($setInfo['SetID']) == false || isset($setInfo['GroupID']) == false))
    {
        echo "Please provide both the set-ID and the group-ID of the attribute-set if you'd like to subscribe to one."."<br/>";
        return false;
    }

    echo "Creating attribute [$labelText] with code [$attributeCode]."."<br/>";

    //>>>> Build the data structure that will define the attribute. See
    //     Mage_Adminhtml_Catalog_Product_AttributeController::saveAction().

    $data = array(
                    'is_global'                     => '1',
                    'frontend_input'                => 'select',
                    'default_value_text'            => '',
                    'default_value_yesno'           => '0',
                    'default_value_date'            => '',
                    'default_value_textarea'        => '',
                    'is_unique'                     => '0',
                    'is_required'                   => '0',
                    'frontend_class'                => '',
                    'is_searchable'                 => '1',
                    'is_visible_in_advanced_search' => '1',
                    'is_comparable'                 => '1',
                    'is_used_for_promo_rules'       => '0',
                    'is_html_allowed_on_front'      => '1',
                    'is_visible_on_front'           => '0',
                    'used_in_product_listing'       => '0',
                    'used_for_sort_by'              => '0',
                    'is_configurable'               => '0',
                    'is_filterable'                 => '1',
                    'is_filterable_in_search'       => '1',
                    'backend_type'                  => 'varchar',
                    'default_value'                 => '',
                    'is_user_defined'               => '0',
                    'is_visible'                    => '1',
                    'is_used_for_price_rules'       => '0',
                    'position'                      => '0',
                    'is_wysiwyg_enabled'            => '0',
                    'backend_model'                 => '',
                    'attribute_model'               => '',
                    'backend_table'                 => '',
                    'frontend_model'                => '',
                    'source_model'                  => '',
                    'note'                          => '',
                    'frontend_input_renderer'       => '',                      
                );

    // Now, overlay the incoming values on to the defaults.
    foreach($values as $key => $newValue)
        if(isset($data[$key]) == false)
        {
            echo "Attribute feature [$key] is not valid."."<br/>";
            return false;
        }

        else
            $data[$key] = $newValue;

    // Valid product types: simple, grouped, configurable, virtual, bundle, downloadable, giftcard
    $data['apply_to']       = $productTypes;
    $data['attribute_code'] = $attributeCode;
    $data['frontend_label'] = array(
                                        0 => $labelText,
                                        1 => '',
                                        3 => '',
                                        2 => '',
                                        4 => '',
                                    );

    //<<<<

    //>>>> Build the model.

    $model = Mage::getModel('catalog/resource_eav_attribute');

    $model->addData($data);

    if($setInfo !== -1)
    {
        $model->setAttributeSetId($setInfo['SetID']);
        $model->setAttributeGroupId($setInfo['GroupID']);
    }

    $entityTypeID = Mage::getModel('eav/entity')->setType('catalog_product')->getTypeId();
    $model->setEntityTypeId($entityTypeID);

    $model->setIsUserDefined(1);

    //<<<<

    // Save.

    try
    {
        $model->save();
    }
    catch(Exception $ex)
    {
        echo "Attribute [$labelText] could not be saved: " . $ex->getMessage()."<br/>";
        if($ex->getMessage() == "Attribute with the same code already exists."){
            if(is_array($options)){
                foreach($options as $_opt){
                    addAttributeValue($attributeCode, $_opt);
                }
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

    if(is_array($options)){
        foreach($options as $_opt){
            addAttributeValue($attributeCode, $_opt);
        }
    }

    $id = $model->getId();

    echo "Attribute [$labelText] has been saved as ID ($id).<br/>";

    // Asssign to attribute set.
    $model1 = Mage::getModel('eav/entity_setup','core_setup');
    $model1->addAttributeToSet(
        'catalog_product', 'Default', 'General', $attributeCode
    ); //Default = attribute set, General = attribute group

    // return $id;
}

function addAttributeValue($arg_attribute, $arg_value)
{
    $attribute_model        = Mage::getModel('eav/entity_attribute');

    $attribute_code         = $attribute_model->getIdByCode('catalog_product', $arg_attribute);
    $attribute              = $attribute_model->load($attribute_code);

    if(!attributeValueExists($arg_attribute, $arg_value))
    {
        $value['option'] = array($arg_value,$arg_value);
        $result = array('value' => $value);
        $attribute->setData('option',$result);
        $attribute->save();
    }

    $attribute_options_model= Mage::getModel('eav/entity_attribute_source_table') ;
    $attribute_table        = $attribute_options_model->setAttribute($attribute);
    $options                = $attribute_options_model->getAllOptions(false);

    foreach($options as $option)
    {
        if ($option['label'] == $arg_value)
        {
            return $option['value'];
        }
    }
   return false;
}
function attributeValueExists($arg_attribute, $arg_value)
{
    $attribute_model        = Mage::getModel('eav/entity_attribute');
    $attribute_options_model= Mage::getModel('eav/entity_attribute_source_table') ;

    $attribute_code         = $attribute_model->getIdByCode('catalog_product', $arg_attribute);
    $attribute              = $attribute_model->load($attribute_code);

    $attribute_table        = $attribute_options_model->setAttribute($attribute);
    $options                = $attribute_options_model->getAllOptions(false);

    foreach($options as $option)
    {
        if ($option['label'] == $arg_value)
        {
            return $option['value'];
        }
    }

    return false;
}

try this. I have added so many attributes and attribute values through this code and you can assign the attribute to attribute set through this code.

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