First off you need the category collection.
$catCollection = Mage::getModel('catalog/category')
Once you have the collection you then need to apply your filters
$catCollection->addAttributeToFilter("Top_Menu" , array('eq' => '146'));
This will give you all categories that have the "Top_Menu" Attribute value of '146'.
After you've applied all the filters you required, you can then either load your entire categories collection by calling $catCollection->load() or iterate through them using a foreach loop ( This will automatically call load()).
However if you want to print a multi level menu using all categories who's 'Top_Menu' value is '146' you need to use a bit of recursion. See example links
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If you just apply the 'Top_Menu' filters to the collection then it should work