I read and viewed all things related to multiple websites for Magento, but I still cannot setup properly to handle different domains with different Magento websites.

Could somebody let me know step by step, how to setup the virtual hosts properly and htaccess or/and index.php?

I know that setting multiple websites in subdomains/catalogs is easy, but I like it to work with different domains.

I have set up everything in Magento admin:

1st store:

  • domain: abc.com
  • website code: domain1

2nd store:

  • domain: xyz.com
  • website code: domain2

I have Apache configured in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf with the following document roots:

  • /home/admin/domains/abc.com/public_html
  • /home/admin/domains/xyz.com/public_html

What should I put in the second domain directory (.htaccess, index.php? should I copy it from first one?)

  • What kind of 404 are you getting? a 404 with Magento style or directly from the server? – mbalparda Aug 15 '14 at 21:49
  • 1
    Why do you want a second domain directory? Magento is built to handle multiple store views. You should use the same document root for both sites and just set the website/store code as an environment variable in your Apache configuration for each site. – Robbie Averill Jun 19 '16 at 0:35
up vote 2 down vote accepted

You can find how to setup multiple storefronts on one Magento installation by following: http://www.ecommercegorilla.com/how-to-set-up-multiple-store-fronts-with-magento/

This method works for any store post Magento CE 1.4

Look to the end of the article you will see there are two methods, one that uses separate directories for each domain and a second method that allows you to use pointer domains.

If you are looking to have customers checkout on the store domain and not one shared domain under SSL you will want to use the separate directories method. It describes how to setup the symbolic links so the store will properly pull files and how to modify the the index.php of each store to assign the correct website/store code.

You don't need to have multiple directories for multiple domains if you are using single magento instance to fulfill your requirements.

Step 1: Point all domains to Magento root directory, i.e. same document root in the webserver (Apache or Nginx) configuration.

Step 2: Configure domain names as base URLs for each website in System Configuration in Magento admin panel.

Step 3: Set store or website for each domain as environment variable in .htaccess or in the webserver configuration.

  • Example with the websites as given in the question:

    SetEnv MAGE_RUN_TYPE website
    SetEnvIf Host abc\.com MAGE_RUN_CODE=domain1
    SetEnvIf Host xyz\.com MAGE_RUN_CODE=domain2
    
  • Example with store views instead of websites

    SetEnv MAGE_RUN_TYPE store
    SetEnvIf Host abc\.com MAGE_RUN_CODE=store_code_1
    SetEnvIf Host xyz\.com MAGE_RUN_CODE=store_code_2
    

    These configurations check if the domain contains "abc.com" or "xyz.com", which I find useful to also match subdomains or test systems like abc.com.testserver.com or test.abc.com, using the same .htaccess file. If you want exact matching, replace abc\.com with ^abc\.com$

Step 4: Clear cache and access your domains.

  • I added some details to make it the canonical answer I would expect, hope you don't mind – Fabian Schmengler Jun 24 '16 at 6:30
  • Change is good, if it for good. Thanx :) – Aman Srivastava Jun 24 '16 at 6:43
  • when i write SetEnv MAGE_RUN_TYPE website line in my .htaccess file site not open it gives error 500 – Jigs Parmar Sep 13 at 11:38
  • can you share what have you added in your .htaccess file @jigsparmar – Aman Srivastava Sep 17 at 7:59

You should copy index.php and .htaccess files on your second domain directory.

After that:

Open up the index.php file and look for this line (it's the last line of the file):

Mage::run($mageRunCode, $mageRunType);

Add the following code right before the above code:

$mageRunCode = 'YOUR_WEBSITE_CODE';

$mageRunType = 'website';

Lastly, you need to create symbolic links to point to a few directories:

ln -s your_magento_root_directory/app ./app

ln -s your_magento_root_directory/errors ./errors

ln -s your_magento_root_directory/includes ./includes

ln -s your_magento_root_directory/js ./js

ln -s your_magento_root_directory/lib ./lib

ln -s your_magento_root_directory/media ./media

ln -s your_magento_root_directory/skin ./skin

ln -s your_magento_root_directory/var ./var

Source: http://www.crucialwebhost.com/kb/how-to-setup-multiple-magento-stores/

  • How can i run above commands in windows – zus Dec 16 '17 at 6:27

You can follow below steps to configure your multi store in magento:

1) All domains which you are adding as another domains like xyz.com, point this domain to your main magento website url abc.com
2) open your admin panel, and add website, Store and Store view in your Manage Store
3) open your .htaccess file and add below code

SetEnvIf Host .xyz.com. MAGE_RUN_CODE=domain2
SetEnvIf Host .xyz.com. MAGE_RUN_TYPE=website

4) Go to configurations > Web, change your store view and add your domain url's there.
5) Save and clear cache

This will configure multi website. Let me know if this will work for you.

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