I see this file in both Magento one and two, I would like to know what is its functionality in Magento because I have read some articles about it that explains that this .htaccess "file is a configuration file that affects how a web server responds to various requests. It is supported by several web servers, including the popular Apache software used by most commercial web hosting providers." can Magento function without the file, any edit you can do for extra or advanced functionalities?

this is all I found in my Magento website.

Order deny,allow
Deny from all

1 Answer 1


.htaccess-Files are used by apache-webserver to be able edit/extend the webserver-config as a "normal"-user. I.e. you can do in this file much that would normally require editing the global configuration, however that is normally only editable as system-administrator.

Popular things that are often handled in .htaccess files:

  • deny access to folders: like in your example (Deny from all), this denies access to the folder this file is in. F.e. include-files, classes, configs etc.
  • route requests to front-controller to create nicer urls: to have urls like "/catalog/t-shirts/men/nice-shirt.html" instead of "index.php?action=view_product&category=4&product=234", there are normally "RewriteRule"-entries in the .htaccess to tell apache to go through the index.php-file, when a file/directory is not present in the filesystem
  • sounds interesting just for interest sake since I am also working on wordpress, does wordpress have this file as a protection for folders and stuff or I can just include it in my wordpress files?
    – Mr F8
    Commented Jun 6, 2019 at 11:56

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