How I solve this issue, This issue is with all ui component grid.
I was having the same exact issue. It seems to have something to do with the server configurations not applying the JS correctly. Knockout JS was attempting load the templates for the admin data grids, but the tags weren't being rendered, now allowing the columns to be counted when it reaches the toolbar.js file.
Go to your Magento Root and add this to your .htaccess file:
<IfModule pagespeed_module> ModPagespeed off </IfModule>