9

I was just trying to find information about REST API. There are some examples at Magento resource and some private blogs. All are the same!!

As basic info, I found if I want to update products through REST API I need to use the admin authorization endpoint. (/admin/oauth_authorize) and if I use customer or guest I can just retrieve data.

I tried to create sample code and check and I found when I run code through the browser I need to first login admin and then I need to accept access and then I can use API resources.

I don't know why it is asking me to login into admin first. And if I just need to log in to access it then how it would work internally between servers.

I tried to create sample code using below blog

http://inchoo.net/ecommerce/magento/consuming-magento-rest-zend_oauth_consumer/comment-page-1/#comment-66775

and it is working fine and giving a response also.

Actually, I am looking for how it will work internally between two servers and how the client will call REST API to Magento how it would be authenticated and how Magento would return a response.

Looking for advice.

1

2 Answers 2

6

You can find a good explanation of the Magento REST API here. There is also an example on how to retrieve the products as a logged in customer. I will reproduce it here, to make the answer longer.

<?php
/**
 * Example of products list retrieve using Customer account via Magento REST API. OAuth authorization is used
 */
$callbackUrl = "http://yourhost/oauth_customer.php";
$temporaryCredentialsRequestUrl = "http://magentohost/oauth/initiate?oauth_callback=" . urlencode($callbackUrl);
$adminAuthorizationUrl = 'http://magentohost/oauth/authorize';
$accessTokenRequestUrl = 'http://magentohost/oauth/token';
$apiUrl = 'http://magentohost/api/rest';
$consumerKey = 'yourconsumerkey';
$consumerSecret = 'yourconsumersecret';

session_start();
if (!isset($_GET['oauth_token']) && isset($_SESSION['state']) && $_SESSION['state'] == 1) {
    $_SESSION['state'] = 0;
}
try {
    $authType = ($_SESSION['state'] == 2) ? OAUTH_AUTH_TYPE_AUTHORIZATION : OAUTH_AUTH_TYPE_URI;
    $oauthClient = new OAuth($consumerKey, $consumerSecret, OAUTH_SIG_METHOD_HMACSHA1, $authType);
    $oauthClient->enableDebug();

    if (!isset($_GET['oauth_token']) && !$_SESSION['state']) {
        $requestToken = $oauthClient->getRequestToken($temporaryCredentialsRequestUrl);
        $_SESSION['secret'] = $requestToken['oauth_token_secret'];
        $_SESSION['state'] = 1;
        header('Location: ' . $adminAuthorizationUrl . '?oauth_token=' . $requestToken['oauth_token']);
        exit;
    } else if ($_SESSION['state'] == 1) {
        $oauthClient->setToken($_GET['oauth_token'], $_SESSION['secret']);
        $accessToken = $oauthClient->getAccessToken($accessTokenRequestUrl);
        $_SESSION['state'] = 2;
        $_SESSION['token'] = $accessToken['oauth_token'];
        $_SESSION['secret'] = $accessToken['oauth_token_secret'];
        header('Location: ' . $callbackUrl);
        exit;
    } else {
        $oauthClient->setToken($_SESSION['token'], $_SESSION['secret']);
        $resourceUrl = "$apiUrl/products";
        $oauthClient->fetch($resourceUrl);
        $productsList = json_decode($oauthClient->getLastResponse());
        print_r($productsList);
    }
} catch (OAuthException $e) {
    print_r($e);
}
5
  • I already tested this code. when I am using $adminAuthorizationUrl = 'magentohost/oauth/authorize' it is redirecting me first to customer login and when I am using $adminAuthorizationUrl = 'magentohost/admin/oauth_authorize' it is redirecting me to admin login first and then I need to authenticate it first. how can third party can access this things. means If I am setting one cron from third party to do this job like create new product or update existing one how can it authenticate it. Jan 18, 2014 at 9:30
  • @Marius, do know any solution for the last OP comment to your answer? TO use oAuth and REST without redirecting and logging procces
    – sergio
    Jan 13, 2015 at 13:37
  • @sergio. Sorry, I don't
    – Marius
    Jan 13, 2015 at 13:40
  • I'm fairly new to this oAuth business, but as I understand it, the whole point of it is to force an interactive login. A registered website customer or administrator needs to physically authorise the app. If you don't want that, you could try using the "Guest" role which I believe doesn't require the oAuth step (not tried this myself); or use the SOAP/XML-RPC API instead of REST. Jul 15, 2015 at 1:04
  • @DougMcLean or you can implement custom authentication adapter snowcore.net/magento-rest-without-oauth Jan 4, 2017 at 7:41
2

From the above code, you can token and token secret, just copy it:

...........
echo 'token:---'.$_SESSION['token'].'----secret----'.$_SESSION['secret'];
........

So, you can prepare a code like below to create/edit a product:

<?php
$apiUrl = 'APIURL';
$consumerKey = 'CONSUMERKEY';
$consumerSecret = 'CONSUMERSECRED';
$token = 'TOCKEN';
$tokensecret = 'TOKENSCRET';

try {

    $oauthClient = new OAuth($consumerKey, $consumerSecret, OAUTH_SIG_METHOD_HMACSHA1);
    $oauthClient->setToken($token, $tokensecret);
    $oauthClient->enableDebug();          

    $productData = json_encode(array(           
            'name'              => 'TEST PRODUCT',           
            'price'             => 11.11          
        ));       

    $resourceUrl = "$apiUrl/products/222";
    $oauthClient->fetch($resourceUrl, $productData , 'PUT',  array('Content-Type' => 'application/json'));
    $responseArr = json_decode($oauthClient->getLastResponse());
    print_r($responseArr);

} catch (OAuthException $e) {
    print_r($e);
}

?>

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