You can find your authentication keys from magento connect account.
You have to first login with your magento account. If you haven't magento connect account you have to create first from link Magento Connect.
If already account then login with your username and password otherwise register your account from above link.
After Login with your account,
Go to Connect Tab (By default open with connect tab).
Click on Developers button from open page.
Now you have to select secure keys from left sidebar.
You have to generate
new secure keys if already not available.
Otherwise you have to
Use Public key as Username and Private key as Password
This is the authentication key for your magento.