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cannot login to admin after seemly successful installation

when I try to login to admin panel, the following error occurred

There has been an error processing your request
Exception printing is disabled by default for security reasons.
Error log record number: 363200370184

So I investigated 363200370184

{"0":"Image CAPTCHA requires GD extension","1":"<pre>#1 Magento\\Captcha\\Model\\DefaultModel->__construct(&Magento\\Backend\\Model\\Auth\\Session\\Interceptor#000000007de0b08f0000000016f2016c#, &Magento\\Captcha\\Helper\\Adminhtml\\Data#000000007de0b2190000000016f2016c#, &Magento\\Captcha\\Model\\ResourceModel\\LogFactory#000000007de0b21f0000000016f2016c#, 'backend_login', NULL) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/ObjectManager\/Factory\/AbstractFactory.php:111]\n#2 Magento\\Framework\\ObjectManager\\Factory\\AbstractFactory->createObject('Magento\\Captcha\\...', array(&Magento\\Backend\\Model\\Auth\\Session\\Interceptor#000000007de0b08f0000000016f2016c#, &Magento\\Captcha\\Helper\\Adminhtml\\Data#000000007de0b2190000000016f2016c#, &Magento\\Captcha\\Model\\ResourceModel\\LogFactory#000000007de0b21f0000000016f2016c#, 'backend_login', NULL)) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/ObjectManager\/Factory\/Dynamic\/Developer.php:66]\n#3 Magento\\Framework\\ObjectManager\\Factory\\Dynamic\\Developer->create('Magento\\Captcha\\...', array('formId' => 'backend_login')) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/ObjectManager\/ObjectManager.php:56]\n#4 Magento\\Framework\\ObjectManager\\ObjectManager->create('Magento\\Captcha\\...', array('formId' => 'backend_login')) called at [vendor\/magento\/module-captcha\/Model\/CaptchaFactory.php:37]\n#5 Magento\\Captcha\\Model\\CaptchaFactory->create('DefaultModel', 'backend_login') called at [vendor\/magento\/module-captcha\/Helper\/Data.php:100]\n#6 Magento\\Captcha\\Helper\\Data->getCaptcha('backend_login') called at [vendor\/magento\/module-captcha\/Observer\/CheckUserLoginBackendObserver.php:53]\n#7 Magento\\Captcha\\Observer\\CheckUserLoginBackendObserver->execute(&Magento\\Framework\\Event\\Observer#000000007de0b2620000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Event\/Invoker\/InvokerDefault.php:88]\n#8 Magento\\Framework\\Event\\Invoker\\InvokerDefault->_callObserverMethod(&Magento\\Captcha\\Observer\\CheckUserLoginBackendObserver#000000007de0b2450000000016f2016c#, &Magento\\Framework\\Event\\Observer#000000007de0b2620000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Event\/Invoker\/InvokerDefault.php:74]\n#9 Magento\\Framework\\Event\\Invoker\\InvokerDefault->dispatch(array('instance' => 'Magento\\Captcha\\...', 'name' => 'captcha'), &Magento\\Framework\\Event\\Observer#000000007de0b2620000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Event\/Manager.php:66]\n#10 Magento\\Framework\\Event\\Manager->dispatch('admin_user_authe...', array('username' => 'shinta', 'user' => &Magento\\User\\Model\\User\\Interceptor#000000007de0b2770000000016f2016c#)) called at [generated\/code\/Magento\/Framework\/Event\/Manager\/Proxy.php:95]\n#11 Magento\\Framework\\Event\\Manager\\Proxy->dispatch('admin_user_authe...', array('username' => 'shinta', 'user' => &Magento\\User\\Model\\User\\Interceptor#000000007de0b2770000000016f2016c#)) called at [vendor\/magento\/module-user\/Model\/User.php:631]\n#12 Magento\\User\\Model\\User->authenticate('shinta', 'xxxxxxxxxx') called at [generated\/code\/Magento\/User\/Model\/User\/Interceptor.php:193]\n#13 Magento\\User\\Model\\User\\Interceptor->authenticate('shinta', 'xxxxxxxxxx') called at [vendor\/magento\/module-user\/Model\/User.php:687]\n#14 Magento\\User\\Model\\User->login('shinta', 'xxxxxxxxxx') called at [generated\/code\/Magento\/User\/Model\/User\/Interceptor.php:219]\n#15 Magento\\User\\Model\\User\\Interceptor->login('shinta', 'xxxxxxxxxx') called at [vendor\/magento\/module-backend\/Model\/Auth.php:156]\n#16 Magento\\Backend\\Model\\Auth->login('shinta', 'xxxxxxxxxx') called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Interception\/Interceptor.php:58]\n#17 Magento\\Backend\\Model\\Auth\\Interceptor->___callParent('login', array('shinta', 'xxxxxxxxxx')) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Interception\/Interceptor.php:138]\n#18 Magento\\Backend\\Model\\Auth\\Interceptor->Magento\\Framework\\Interception\\{closure}('shinta', 'xxxxxxxxxx') called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Interception\/Interceptor.php:153]\n#19 Magento\\Backend\\Model\\Auth\\Interceptor->___callPlugins('login', array('shinta', 'xxxxxxxxxx'), array(array('security_admin_s...'))) called at [generated\/code\/Magento\/Backend\/Model\/Auth\/Interceptor.php:78]\n#20 Magento\\Backend\\Model\\Auth\\Interceptor->login('shinta', 'xxxxxxxxxx') called at [vendor\/magento\/module-backend\/App\/Action\/Plugin\/Authentication.php:205]\n#21 Magento\\Backend\\App\\Action\\Plugin\\Authentication->_performLogin(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/module-backend\/App\/Action\/Plugin\/Authentication.php:157]\n#22 Magento\\Backend\\App\\Action\\Plugin\\Authentication->_processNotLoggedInUser(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/module-backend\/App\/Action\/Plugin\/Authentication.php:125]\n#23 Magento\\Backend\\App\\Action\\Plugin\\Authentication->aroundDispatch(&Magento\\Backend\\Controller\\Adminhtml\\Index\\Index\\Interceptor#000000007de0b3380000000016f2016c#, &Closure#000000007de0b3300000000016f2016c#, &Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Interception\/Interceptor.php:135]\n#24 Magento\\Backend\\Controller\\Adminhtml\\Index\\Index\\Interceptor->Magento\\Framework\\Interception\\{closure}(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Interception\/Interceptor.php:153]\n#25 Magento\\Backend\\Controller\\Adminhtml\\Index\\Index\\Interceptor->___callPlugins('dispatch', array(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#), NULL) called at [generated\/code\/Magento\/Backend\/Controller\/Adminhtml\/Index\/Index\/Interceptor.php:39]\n#26 Magento\\Backend\\Controller\\Adminhtml\\Index\\Index\\Interceptor->dispatch(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/App\/FrontController.php:55]\n#27 Magento\\Framework\\App\\FrontController->dispatch(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Interception\/Interceptor.php:58]\n#28 Magento\\Framework\\App\\FrontController\\Interceptor->___callParent('dispatch', array(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#)) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Interception\/Interceptor.php:138]\n#29 Magento\\Framework\\App\\FrontController\\Interceptor->Magento\\Framework\\Interception\\{closure}(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/Interception\/Interceptor.php:153]\n#30 Magento\\Framework\\App\\FrontController\\Interceptor->___callPlugins('dispatch', array(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#), array(array('default_store_se...', 'storeCookieValid...', 'install', 'configHash'))) called at [generated\/code\/Magento\/Framework\/App\/FrontController\/Interceptor.php:26]\n#31 Magento\\Framework\\App\\FrontController\\Interceptor->dispatch(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Request\\Http#000000007de0b1eb0000000016f2016c#) called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/App\/Http.php:136]\n#32 Magento\\Framework\\App\\Http->launch() called at [generated\/code\/Magento\/Framework\/App\/Http\/Interceptor.php:24]\n#33 Magento\\Framework\\App\\Http\\Interceptor->launch() called at [vendor\/magento\/framework\/App\/Bootstrap.php:257]\n#34 Magento\\Framework\\App\\Bootstrap->run(&Magento\\Framework\\App\\Http\\Interceptor#000000007de0b1990000000016f2016c#) called at [index.php:39]\n<\/pre>","url":"\/admin\/admin\/index\/index\/key\/b4625ae2ff3073ab297b349a5a752c7ca652f946f569480aaad9f498a564afcf\/","script_name":"\/index.php"}

What could possibly be wrong?

My env

ubuntu 18.04

magento 2.2.9

php 7.1

I installed php by the official command:

apt-get install -y php7.1 libapache2-mod-php7.1 php7.1-common php7.1-gd php7.1-mysql php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-curl php7.1-intl php7.1-xsl php7.1-mbstring php7.1-zip php7.1-bcmath php7.1-iconv php7.1-soap